Reports

The Children's Justice Report: Three-Year Assessment Report of the Texas Children's Justice Act Task Force (May 2015)

Texas Children's Justice Act Task Force
Authors: Heidi Penix
Published: May 2015

Every three years, the CJA Task Force must undertake a comprehensive review and evaluation of how the State responds to child maltreatment and make training and policy recommendations for improvements in child protection systems. The Task Force has completed its current assessment and identified five priorities to direct the use of CJA funding in the coming years. A copy of the report is located at this link: CJA Assessment Report. Should you have any questions, please feel free to contact Heidi Penix at heidip@yourhonor.com or by calling 512-482-8986. 



Helping Families Involved in the Child Welfare System Achieve Housing Stability: Implementation of the Family Unification Program in Eight Sites

Urban Institute
Authors: Cunningham, Mary.; Pergamit, Michael.; Baum, Abigail.; Luna, Jessica
Published: February 2015

The US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)‘s Family Unification Program (FUP) provides low-income families involved in the child welfare system with housing vouchers. FUP is an important vehicle for understanding three issues: (1) the overlap between the child welfare system, housing, and homelessness; (2) how to provide housing to vulnerable, high-need families; and (3) how to facilitate cross-system partnerships between public housing agencies and child welfare agencies. The Urban Institute studied FUP design and implementation in eight sites and interviewed key staff and stakeholders about the program’s implementation and impact, highlighting common challenges, innovative practices, and system-level impacts.

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Making Meaningful Connections: 2015 Prevention Resource Guide

Child Welfare Information Gateway
Authors: Administration on Children, Youth, and Families
Published: 2015

The 2015 Prevention Resource Guide: Making Meaningful Connections was created primarily to support community-based child abuse prevention professionals who work to prevent child maltreatment and promote well-being.

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Language Access Planning and Technical Assistance Tool for Courts

Civil Rights Division U.S. Department of Justice
Authors:
Published: February 2014

This tool for courts was created to assist courts as they develop comprehensive language access programs.

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Diagnoses and Health Care Utilization of Children Who Are in Foster Care and Covered by Medicaid

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Authors: John Richardson, Tami Mark, and Kay Miller
Published: 2013

Studies have found that children in foster care have a higher prevalence of psychiatric symptoms and health-risk behaviors compared to children and adolescents in the general population. The purpose of this study is to examine (1) the prevalence of mental and physical illnesses and (2) the utilization of health care services among children in foster care (FC) who are covered by Medicaid. Disparities between the children in FC and children covered by Medicaid who are not in FC are also identified. This information can give payers and providers of health care services greater direction as they seek to establish more comprehensive and effective approaches for addressing the needs of children in foster care.

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Cost Analysis in Program Evaluation: A Guide for Child Welfare Researchers & Service Providers

Children's Bureau
Authors: Roseana Bess, Andrew Burwick, Emily Fisher, Zili Sloboda, Hanno Petras,
Published: 2013

Motivated by a growing need for accurate and comparable information about child welfare program costs and by the lack of a standard methodology for calculating costs across projects, CB brought together a group of experts. The result of their collaboration is a guide that demonstrates how cost analysis, when integrated with program evaluation, can promote a better understanding of key program components, implementation, and unit costs.

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Parenting a Child Who Has Experienced Abuse or Neglect

Child Welfare Information Gateway
Authors: Children's Bureau, ACYF, ACF, HHS
Published: December 2013

This factsheet is intended to help parents (birth, foster, and adoptive) and other caregivers better understand the challenges of caring for a child who has experienced maltreatment and learn abou the resources available for support.

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Addressing the Needs of Young Children in Child Welfare

Child Welfare Information Gateway
Authors: Children's Bureau, ACYF, ACF, HHS
Published: November, 2013

This bulletin describes the intersection of child welfare and early intervention, provides an overview of Part C, highlights the benefits of Part C for child welfare, and outlines how child welfare professionals can support Part C efforts. It also describes implementation challenges and provides promising strategies for implementing Part C provisions, including examples from the field.

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Implementing Trauma-Informed Practices in Child Welfare

Child Welfare SPARC
Authors: Eva J. Klain, Amanda R. White
Published: November, 2013

A publication published by the State Policy Advocacy and Reform Center (SPARC) summarizes research on the effects of trauma on children in foster care and the benefits of trauma-informed interventions and treatments. It also describes a number of promising evidence-based therapies that help children learn coping skills, manage trauma-induced responses, and form healthy relationships. The authors also point to models of trauma-informed practices for child welfare agencies, the juvenile courts system, and legal representatives. For each model, links to more detailed information are provided.

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Changing the Course for Infants and Toddlers: A Survey of State Child Welfare Policies and Initiatives

Child Trends; Zero to Three
Authors: Elizabeth Jordan, Jaclyn Szrom, Jamie Colvard, Hope Cooper, & Kerry DeVooght
Published: September, 2013

The report details findings from a survey of 46 State child welfare agency representatives. The goal was to identify innovative policies and practices, as well as key challenges, gaps, and barriers that agencies face in meeting the needs of infants and toddlers who experience maltreatment. Results indicate that most States have policies and practices to promote the health and well-being of all children who have been maltreated; however, there is often no distinction for the unique developmental needs of infants and toddlers. In addition, results show that States are not fully addressing the needs of birth parents.

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Caring for LGBTQ Children & Youth: A Guide for Child Welfare Providers

Human Rights Campaign Foundation
Authors:
Published:

This booklet was developed to provide you with information about the care and support of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and questioning children and youth. This guide includes information on terminology and several basic, but key, tips on how to best support and care for LGBTQ children and youth. They’ve also provided some data from the Human Rights Campaign’s study of more than 10,000 LGBTQ youth as a glimpse into their experiences. Also, you will find resources and helpful websites for more information to competently serve all children and youth in your care, including those who may identify as or be perceived as LGBTQ.

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State Policies Concerning LGBTQ Youth

Center for the Study of Social Policy
Authors: Bill Betancourt
Published: September, 2013

As part of the get R.E.A.L. initiative, CSSP also links to State Policies Concerning LGBTQ Youth. Current as of September 2013, this document provides a comprehensive, State-by-State look at the policies affecting LGBTQ youth. Areas addressed include public accommodations, social services (general), child welfare (specific services and programs), foster care (including child care centers, housing, and training), juvenile detention/services, school and educational facilities, and social worker guidelines.

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Federal Agencies Can Better Support State Efforts to Prevent and Respond to Sexual Abuse by School Personnel

U.S. Government Accountability Office
Authors: U.S. Government Accountability Office
Published: January 2014

While all child abuse is troubling, sexual abuse by school personnel raises particular concerns because of the trust placed in schools. Federal laws prohibit sexual harassment, including sexual abuse, in federallyfunded education programs and set minimum standards for state laws on reporting suspected child abuse. GAO was asked to review efforts to address child sexual abuse by school personnel. GAO examined: (1) states' and school districts' steps to help prevent such abuse, (2) their reporting requirements and approaches for investigating allegations, and (3) federal agencies' efforts to address such abuse. GAO reviewed relevant federal laws, regulations, and guidance; surveyed state educational agencies in 50 states and the District of Columbia; and visited four states and six of their districts.

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Child Maltreatment 2013

Children's Bureau
Authors:
Published: Children's Bureau

This is the 24th edition of the annual report on child abuse and neglect data collected via the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS). This report is based on federal fiscal year 2013 data submitted by 49 states, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. The report reflects our commitment to provide the most complete national information about children and families known to states’ child protective services (CPS) agencies.

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Human Trafficking in Texas: A Statewide Evaluation of Existing Laws and Social Services

Institute on Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault
Authors: Noël Busch-Armendariz, Laurie Cook Heffron, Karen Kalergis, Neely Mahapatra, Leila Voyles
Published: UT School of Social Work

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of existing laws and social services in meeting the needs of human trafficking victims in the state of Texas, and to address efficiencies, shortcomings, and recommended improvements in Texas laws that impact both human trafficking victims and social services provided to these victims.

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A Passionate Practice: Addressing the Needs of Commercially Sexually Exploited Teenagers

Institute on Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault
Authors: Karen Kalergis
Published: Affilia: Journal of Women and Social Work

This article draws practice expertise from three women who work with an underserved group of victims of human trafficking—teenagers who have been commercially sexually exploited. The women share what they have learned about working with these girls, the similarities between this field and the early days of work in domestic violence, and the importance of empowering these girls to be part of turning their lives around.

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Accessing Credit Reports for Foster Youth: A Reference Guide for Child Welfare Agencies

Credit Builders Alliance
Authors: Staci GoldbergBelle & Sarah Chenven
Published: 2013

For a young person transitioning out of foster care, poor credit can add to the challenges of getting an apartment, a bank account, or a student loan and achieving financial stability. A new reference guide provides child welfare agency staff with detailed information on accessing credit reports for youth in care and helping resolve common credit report errors, as required by Federal mandate. The guide also presents tips on educating youth about the importance of building credit and protecting against identify theft.

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Child Abuse and Neglect Reporting: A Guide for Mandated Reporters

Massachusetts Department of Children and Families
Authors: Massachusetts Department of Children and Families
Published:

A two-page brochure from the Massachusetts Department of Children and Families (DCF) answers frequently asked questions about mandated reporting of child abuse and neglect, as well as outlines the steps for making a report and what happens after the report is made. While tailored to Massachusetts' laws and procedures, this product may be useful as a model for other child welfare agencies seeking to educate mandated reporters in their jurisdictions.

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Creating a Permanence Driven Organization: A Guidebook for Change in Child Welfare

Anu Family Services & Center for Advanced Studies in Child Welfare
Authors: Annette Semanchin Jones, Traci LaLiberte, & Amelia Franck Meyer
Published: 2013

Anu Family Services, a treatment foster care agency, and the Center for Advanced Studies in Child Welfare published a how-to guidebook for child welfare agencies on improving permanency outcomes for youth in care. After implementing evidence-informed practices and undergoing a cultural and organizational change, Anu Family Services improved permanency outcomes for youth by 84 percent. The guidebook is based on the organization's lessons learned from this work, which began in 2006.

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Guest Blog Post: Special Immigrant Juvenile Status and Child Welfare

Center for Advance Studies in Child Welfare
Authors: Rebecca Scholtz
Published: June 24, 2013

A growing number of children and families involved with child welfare are immigrants or refugees. This population has a unique set of needs and face different challenges than other families involved with child welfare. In a guest blog post for the Center for Advance Studies in Child Welfare, Rebecca Scholtz, an attorney at Mid-Minnesota Legal Aid, highlights a Federal immigration provision that may help undocumented children achieve permanency.

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Youth Count! Process Study

Urban Institute
Authors: Michael Pergamit, Mary Cunningham, Martha Burt, Pamela Lee, Brent Howell, & Kassie Bertumen
Published: July, 2013

To help fulfill the Obama administration's quest to end homelessness, the U.S. Interagency Council on Homelessness along with the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the U.S. Department of Education, and the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) launched the Youth Count! initiative. The purpose of this initiative is to develop promising strategies for counting the number and characteristics of unaccompanied homeless youth in the United States. In July 2013, the Urban Institute released Youth Count! Process Study, which assesses the Youth Count! process and identifies promising strategies and lessons learned for improving counting methods.

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Family Finding for Children and Families New to Out-of-Home Care: A Rigorous Evaluation of Family Finding in San Francisco

Child Trends
Authors: Karin Malm, Tiffany Allen, Amy McKlindon, and Sharon Vandivere
Published: July, 2013

Researchers conducted an impact assessment, as well as an implementation evaluation. The goal of the impact study was to determine whether Family Finding services affected the likelihood of reunification and of a child's goal being changed to something other than reunification.

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The Cost Modeling Project: An Analytical Tool for Child Welfare Agencies to Assess the Impact of Delinking

American Public Human Services Association
Authors: Patricia Wilson, Anita Light, & Christina Crayton
Published: July, 2013

Current title IV-E eligibility is tied to whether the family from which a child is removed would have met the income standard of the 1996 Aid to Families With Dependent Children (AFDC) program, which has since been replaced by the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program. When child welfare professionals and policymakers discuss child welfare finance reform, eliminating the AFDC income requirements from title IV-E foster care eligibility—known as delinking—is a common suggestion. Since ACDF is based on 1996 income standards that are not adjusted for inflation, many children who are in foster care are not able to receive Federal financial support because of their families' income levels. This places an increased financial burden on States and links assistance to family income rather than child needs. To explore this further, the American Public Human Services Association recently released this report. The report provides background about title IV-E financing and describes how several scenarios for delinking title IV-E from AFDC would affect five jurisdictions that have different characteristics (e.g., average annual expenses, the State's Federal Medical Assistance Percentage). It also includes an assessment tool that States and localities can use to assess how delinking may affect them.

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Stepparent Adoption

Children's Bureau
Authors: Children's Bureau, ACYF, ACF, HHS
Published: May, 2013

Stepparent adoption is governed by State law. Most States make the adoption process a little easier for stepparents, but requirements for home studies, criminal background checks, and procedures for obtaining consent of the noncustodial parent vary widely by State. This factsheet offers general information about legal issues to consider and steps to take when adopting a stepchild. While many stepparent adoptions can be done without the help of a lawyer, stepparents may wish to consult an adoption attorney to understand the specific legal requirements in their State. Resources for more information are included.

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Infant Safe Haven Laws

Children's Bureau
Authors: Children's Bureau, ACYF, ACF, HHS
Published: February, 2013

Discusses State laws that provide safe places for parents to relinquish newborn infants. The purpose of these laws is to prevent these babies from being abandoned at places where they may come to harm. It discusses the responsibilities of providers who accept the infants, their immunity from liability, their legal protections from prosecution for the parents, and the effect of relinquishment on parental rights. The document also includes summaries of laws for all States and U.S. territories.

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Grounds for Involuntary Termination of Parental Rights

Children's Bureau
Authors: Children's Bureau, ACYF, ACF, HHS
Published: January, 2013

Discusses State laws that provide the legal basis for terminating the rights of parents who have been found unfit to parent their children. It addresses the circumstances under which the court may find that termination may not serve the child's best interests and under which a parent's rights may be reinstated. It also includes summaries of laws for all States and U.S. territories.

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What Is Child Welfare? A Guide for Health-Care Professionals

Children's Bureau
Authors: Children's Bureau, ACYF, ACF, HHS
Published: June, 2013

Health-care professionals play a crucial role in the health and well-being of children, youth, and families. Their contact with children and families during the different stages of a child’s life gives them a unique opportunity to observe families’ resilience and progress and to provide education and support. When necessary, health-care professionals report suspected child abuse and neglect. This guide provides an overview of child welfare services, describes how health-care professionals and child welfare workers can collaborate, and lists resources for more information.

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Supporting Your LGBTQ Youth: A Guide for Foster Parents

Children's Bureau
Authors: Children's Bureau, ACYF, ACF, HHS
Published: May, 2013

Like all young people, LGBTQ youth in foster care need the support of a nurturing family to help them negotiate adolescence and grow into healthy adults. However, LGBTQ youth in foster care face additional challenges. These include the losses that brought them into care in the first place, as well as traumas they may have suffered while in foster care. They also include stressors unique to LGBTQ youth, including homophobia or transphobia and the need to evaluate (often with little or no support) the safety of their communities, schools, social networks, and homes in order to decide whether to disclose their LGBTQ identity, when, and to whom.

Despite these challenges, LGBTQ youth— like all youth in the child welfare system— can heal and thrive when families commit to accepting, loving, and supporting them as they grow into their potential as adults. This factsheet was written to help families like yours understand what they need to know to provide a safe, supportive, and welcoming home for an LGBTQ youth in foster care.

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NACAC State Adoption Fact Sheets

State Policy Advocacy and Reform Center
Authors: National Data Archive on Child Abuse and Neglect
Published: February 2015

NACAC produced the following adoption fact sheets for the State Policy Advocacy and Reform Center (SPARC) to help inform adoption community members and adoption advocates. The fact sheets, derived mostly from 2012 AFCARS data, have information about the number of waiting children, the length of time children spend in care, the race of waiting and adopted children, types of exits from foster care, Title IV-E payments, and more.

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Children and Domestic Violence: How Does Domestic Violence Affect Children

The National Child Traumatic Stress Network
Authors: The NCTSN Domestic Violence Work Group
Published: April 2013

This series of 10 Fact Sheets from the National Child Traumatic Stress Network is created for parents whose children have been affeted by domestic violence. The sheets get to the heart of the experiences and needs of these children and families, and offers education in support of their resilience and recovery.

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DFPS 2014 Annual Report and Data Book

Texas Department of Family and Protective Services
Authors: Texas Department of Family and Protective Services
Published: Feb. 2015

The Texas Department of Family and Protective Services (DFPS) serves the state’s children, youth, families, and people who are elderly or have disabilities. This Annual Report and Data Book is an overview of the department’s programs, services, performance, and accomplishments. It also provides a comprehensive statistical explanation of DFPS services. This report covers the period of September 1, 2013 through August 31, 2014.

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Guide for Developing and Implementing Child Welfare Practice Models

National Child Welfare Resource Center for Organizational Improvement (NRCOI)
Authors: NRCOI
Published: February 2013

The National Child Welfare Resource Center for Organizational Improvement (NRCOI) is pleased to announce a new resource: Guide for Developing and Implementing Child Welfare Practice Models. The Guide offers an overall framework for developing, implementing, and/or strengthening a child welfare practice model; cites specific examples from the field; and provides additional information to help child welfare agencies and their partners make informed choices in selecting their approaches to this important work. It provides guidance on developing a practice model, and details steps to take through each stage of implementation, including a discussion of fourteen specific implementation drivers. The Guide includes worksheets to help agencies articulate practice model principles, identify frontline practice skills, and assess readiness, and lists resources for ongoing support.

For more information or to request hard copies, contact Anne Comstock at acomstock@usm.maine.edu

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States Use Flexible Federal Funds, But Struggle to Meet Service Needs

Government Accountability Office
Authors: Government Accountability Office
Published: January 30, 2013

Congress mandated that GAO provide information about the funding and provision of child welfare services. This report addresses: (1) how selected states use funds provided under Title IV-B, (2) what alternative sources of federal funding states use to fund child welfare services and other activities covered under Title IV-B, and (3) what services, if any, child welfare agencies have difficulty securing for children and their families. To answer these questions, GAO reviewed relevant laws, regulations, guidance, and reports; analyzed HHS expenditure data and program evaluations; and interviewed HHS officials, child welfare experts, and state and local child welfare officials in 4 states and 13 localities selected to illustrate a variety of approaches to financing and delivering services. GAO also reviewed state fiscal year 2011 expenditure data from selected states and administered a data collection instrument to selected localities.

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Defending Childhood Protect Heal Thrive

Report of the Attorney General's National Task Force on Children Exposed to Violence
Authors: Attorney General's National Task Force on Children Exposed to Violence
Published: December 2012

The Attorney General's National Task Force on Children Exposed to Violence Relases its Final Report and Recommendations.

  • Report provides a comprehensive roadmap for helping children and youth heal and recover from exposure to violence
  • Report calls for "rethinking" the juvenile justice system by making trauma-informed screening, assessment and care the standard approach

Executive Summary
Full Report

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An Analysis of State Laws Regarding Mandated Reporting of Child Maltreatment

Child Welfare State Policy Advocacy and Reform Center (SPARC)
Authors: Rebecca McElroy
Published: September 20, 2012

This Child Welfare State Policy Advocacy and Reform Center (SPARC) policy brief provides an overview of how different states have approached universal mandated child maltreatment reporting policies, some considerations for reporting statutes in general, and various themes from interviews SPARC conducted with state administrators.

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If I'm 'The Party,' Where's the Cake?: The Need for Comprehensive Child-Witness Court Preparation Programs

CenterPiece - National Child Protection Training Center
Authors: Joddie Walker, MS, CTS
Published: Volume 3, Issue 1: 2011 (Recently released for the public)

Court preparation is beneficial for the children required to testify in a courtroom. The purpose of a child-witness court preparation program is to assist the child witness in her or his ability to testify truthfully and effectively in a courtroom. This is important because children are required to testify about serious allegations that hold potentially significant outcomes for them or those accused. Having an unprepared child take the witness stand and offer poor testimony is not only regrettable, but preventable

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Rocking the Cradle: Ensuring the Rights of Parents with Disabilities and Their Children

National Council on Disability
Authors: National Council on Disability
Published: September 27, 2012

Millions of Americans with disabilities have gained innumerable rights and opportunities since Congress passed landmark legislation on their behalf in 1990. And yet advocates say barriers and bias still abound when it comes to one basic human right: to be a parent. A Kansas City, Mo., couple had their daughter taken into custody by the state two days after her birth because both parents were blind. A Chicago mother, because she is quadriplegic, endured an 18-month legal battle to keep custody of her young son.

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Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Children Affected by Sexual Abuse or Trauma

Issue Briefs
Authors: Child Welfare Information Gateway
Published: 2012

This issue brief explores research and practice on trauma focused cognitive-behavioral therapy (TF-CBT), which is an evidence-based treatment approach shown to help children, adolescents, and their caregivers overcome trauma-related difficulties. It is designed to reduce negative emotional and behavioral responses following child sexual abuse, domestic violence, traumatic loss, and other traumatic events. The treatment—based on learning and cognitive theories—addresses distorted beliefs and attributions related to the abuse and provides a supportive environment in which children are encouraged to talk about their traumatic experience. TF-CBT also helps parents who were not abusive to cope effectively with their own emotional distress and develop skills that support their children.

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Tracking Child Abuse and Neglect: The Role of Multiple Data Sources in Improving Child Safety

Evidence to Action brief
Authors: PolicyLab
Published: October 2, 2012

PolicyLab at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Research Institute announces the release of our latest Evidence to Action brief, Tracking Child Abuse and Neglect: The Role of Multiple Data Sources in Improving Child Safety.
 
This Evidence to Action brief identifies strategies to improve the tracking of child abuse and neglect in order to inform prevention and response efforts.  The brief provides tools and case examples to help agency administrators:
 
1)     Compare aggregate results from multiple data sources
2)     Link case-based data from multiple sources
3)     Establish uniform data definitions and data collection protocols

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Victimization and Trauma Experienced by Children and Youth: Implications for Legal Advocates

Moving Firm Evidence to Action: The Safe Start Center Series on Child Exposed to Violence
Authors: The Safe Start Center, ABA Center on Children and the Law, and the Child and Family Policy Associates
Published: Issue Brief #7

The Safe Start Center, ABA Center on Children and the Law, and the Child and Family Policy Associates recently released a new resource, Victimization and Trauma Experienced by Children and Youth: Implications for Legal Advocates.  In this resource, you’ll find:

  • Information about the prevalence and impact of victimization and exposure to violence
  • Practice tips for juvenile defenders, children’s attorneys and GALs, judges, and CASAs
  • Explanations of traumatic stress symptoms and trauma-related assessments and treatments
  • Descriptions of promising local and state initiatives to address trauma
  • Guidance on policy reforms and other considerations for trauma-informed advocacy

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OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Authors: OJJDP
Published: September 2012

The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) has updated its Statistical Briefing Book (SBB) to include 2011 data on juvenile populations, 2010 data on victims of domestic violence, and FBI supplementary homicide reports through 2010. Data from 2010 on homicide victims and perpetrators have also been added to the Frequently Asked Questions section.

The SBB offers easy access to a host of juvenile justice information. Its data analysis tools allow users to create custom analyses of juvenile populations, arrests, court cases, and residential placement. The National Center for Juvenile Justice developed the SBB for OJJDP.

Access the OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book.

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Child Welfare Policy Manual - CAPTA Disclosure policy updates

Children's Bureau
Authors: Children's Bureau
Published: September 2012

Please find a new question and answer (2.1A.4, Q/A #8) for the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA) section of the Child Welfare Policy Manual, and nine modified questions and answers in reference to the public disclosure requirement in section 106(b)(2)(B)(x) of CAPTA. The nine questions were modified to ensure they reflect the revised policy in the new 2.1A.4, Q/A #8. One question and answer (2.1A.4, Q/A #2) is being deleted from the CAPTA section of the Manual as it is obsolete based on the revised policy, and five questions and answers (2.1A.1 Q/A’s #3, #4, #5, #7 and 2.1A.4, Q/A #1) are unchanged.

Click here to access PDF of document.


Trauma-Informed Child Welfare Practice Briefs

National Child Traumatic Stress Network
Authors: ACS-NYU Children's Trauma Institute
Published: 2012

The ACS-NYU Children’s Trauma Institute has developed practice briefs for child welfare providers and other stakeholders seeking to develop trauma-informed practice. These briefs—on addressing secondary traumatic stress experienced by child welfare staff, easing children’s transitions into foster care, and working with parents who have been impacted by trauma—provide information on work that the Institute and other jurisdictions have done in these areas and make recommendations for policy and practice improvements. The first brief, Trauma and Parenting, touches on the profound impact both parenting and engagement with the child welfare system; Easing Foster Care Placement examines the trauma of the actual transition and foster care placement process; and Addressing Secondary Traumatic Stress among Child Welfare Staff discusses the need to view child welfare staff as first responde rs, in order to understand their day-to-day operations more fully and to better support them in their awareness of secondary traumatic stress and self-care activities. (2012)

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Kids Count Data Book 2014: State Trends in Child Well-Being

Annie E. Casey Foundation
Authors:
Published: 2015

The 25th edition of Casey’s annual report on child well-being — the 2014 KIDS COUNT Data Book — examines how U.S. children have fared since 1990. While national and state policies have resulted in positive gains in child health and education, the Data Book notes a decline in the economic well-being of children and the communities in which they live. In addition to its retrospective analysis, the report looks at the latest data and uses 16 key indicators to rank states on child well-being.

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Children's Justice Act E-Newsletter

National Resource Center for Child Protective Services
Authors: Kathy Simms
Published: Summer 2012, Volume 3, Issue 3

The Summer 2012 CJA e-newsletter includes information about the new Children's Bureau Centennial website, follow-up on the 18th National Conference on Child Abuse and Neglect and the Quarterly Featured topic of Juvenile Justice and Child Welfare.

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Trends in child physical abuse and the relationship with housing insecurity

Research At-A-Glance
Authors: PolicyLab
Published: Summer 2012

Hospital
 healthcare
 providers
 and
 child
 welfare
 workers
 have
 reported
 anecdotal increases 
in
 cases
 of
child
maltreatment during
 the
 recent
economic
 recession. In
 contrast,
 national
 data
 on
 child
 protective
services
 continue
 to
 show
 declines
 in
 many
 forms
 of
 maltreatment,
 including
 physical
 abuse.
 The
 impact
 of
 economic
 downturns
 - particularly 
in
 the
 housing
 sector - on
 rates
 of
 child
abuse 
is
 not 
well
 understood. This study examined trends in hospital admissions for physical abuse at 39 pediatric hospitals over 10 years and compared those admission rates with mortgage delinquency, mortgage foreclosure, and unemployment.

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Children's Justice Act E-Newsletter

National Resource Center for Child Protective Services
Authors: Kathy Simms
Published: Spring 2012, Volume 3 Issue 2

The Spring 2012 CJA e-newsletter includes information about the new Children's Bureau Centennial website, follow-up on the 18th National Conference on Child Abuse and Neglect and the Quarterly Featured Topic-Mandated Reporters.

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State Secrecy and Child Deaths in the U.S.: An Evaluation of CAPTA-Mandated Public Disclosure Policies and Child Abuse and Neglect Fatalities or Near Fatalities, with State Rankings

Children's Advocacy Institute of the University of San Diego School of Law and First Star
Authors:
Published: 2nd Edition

This report is an evaluation of CAPTA-mandated public disclosure policies about child abuse and neglect fatalities or near fatalities with state rankings. It is the second edition to an initial publication in 2008. The report “grades all fifty states and the District of Columbia on their laws and regulations pertaining to public disclosure of child abuse or neglect deaths and near deaths. It includes an analysis of the elements of an effective statute and describes how each state includes or omits such features.” Id., p. 5.

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Understanding Child Abuse in Rural and Urban America Risk Factors and Maltreatment Substantiation

Carsey Institute
Authors: Wendy A. Walsh and Marybeth J. Mattingly
Published: Issue Brief No. 50, Spring 2012

Using a large national sample of child maltreatment reports, this brief compares the outcomes of child maltreatment cases in rural versus urban places and identifies the characteristics associated with substantiation.

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2011 Annual Report and Data Book

Department of Family and Protective Services
Authors: Department of Family and Protective Services
Published: February 10, 2012

The 2011 Annual Report/Data Book is an overview of the department’s programs, services, performance, and accomplishments, and a comprehensive statistical resource of DFPS services. This report and data book cover the fiscal year beginning Sept. 1, 2010 through Aug. 31, 2011.

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Child Maltreatment 2010 Report

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Administration for Children and Families (ACF)
Authors: The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Administration for Children and Families (ACF)
Published:

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Administration for Children and Families (ACF) released its annual report on child abuse and neglect. Child Maltreatment 2010 marks the 21st issuance of the report and, for the fourth consecutive year, shows a steady decline in the number of victims who suffered maltreatment.
"We are heartened to see maltreatment on the decline, but even one child being a victim of abuse and neglect is too many," said George Sheldon, acting assistant secretary for children and families. "The report reminds us of the continuing need for investment in prevention efforts and the importance of coordination between federal, state and local agencies."

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Foster Children: HHS Guidance Could Help States Improve Oversight of Psychotropic Drugs

Government Accountability Office
Authors: Kutz, Gregory D.
Published: December 1, 2011

Foster children have often been removed from abusive or neglectful homes and tend to have more mental health conditions than other children. Treatment may include psychotropic drugs but their risks to children are not well understood. Medicaid, administered by states and overseen by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), provides prescription drug coverage to foster children. This testimony examines (1) rates of psychotropic prescriptions for foster and nonfoster children in 2008 and (2) state oversight of psychotropic prescriptions for foster children through October 2011.

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Young Adult Outcomes of Youth Exiting Dependent or Delinquent Care in Los Angeles County

University of Pennsylvania
Authors: Culhane, Dennis P; Byrne, Thomas
Published: November 9, 2011

Funded by the Conrad N. Hilton Foundation, the study, “Young Adult Outcomes of Youth Exiting Dependent or Delinquent Care in Los Angeles County” will be made available to those drawing up the implementation plans for the new state policy (AB12) that extends foster care from 18 years to 21 years starting January 1, 2012. Currently benefits and services for foster youth expire at 18 years of age.

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Shattered Families: The Perilous Intersection of Immigration Enforcement and the Child Welfare System

Applied Research Center
Authors: Wessler, Seth Freed
Published: November 2, 2011

A report from the Applied Research Center (ARC) conservatively estimates that there are more than 5,000 children currently living in foster care whose parents have been either detained or deported. To date, there has been no national data available on the numbers of children impacted by the intersection of immigration enforcement and child welfare systems.

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Children of Immigrants: The Changing Face of Metropolitan America

Urban Institute
Authors: Fortuny, Karina; Ajay Chaudry
Published: October 2011

Examines trends in the populations of immigrants and children of immigrants in the hundred largest metropolitan areas, including growth in numbers and as a share of the overall population, racial/ethnic composition, age, and variations among metro areas.

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Vulnerability, Risk, and the Transition to Adulthood

Urban Institute
Authors: Kuehn, Daniel; Michael Pergamit; Tracy C. Vericker
Published: August 2011

Examines whether poverty and single parenthood influence the likelihood of risk behavior and dropping out among youth and how these behaviors affect the trajectory of connectedness and employment patterns in adulthood. Considers policy implications.

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Counting Is Not Enough: Investing in Qualitative Case Reviews for Practice Improvement in Child Welfare

Annie E. Casey Foundation; Center for the Study of Social Policy
Authors: Morris-Compton, Sarah; Sarah Morrison; Kathleen Noonan; Susan Notkin; Martha Raimon; Daniel Torres
Published: August 2011

Outlines the value of quality case service reviews in child welfare systems, requirements for building and sustaining a robust process and adapting it under limited state budgets, and recommendations for jurisdictions, initiators, and national leadership.

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2011 KIDS COUNT Data Book

Annie E. Casey Foundation
Authors:
Published: August 2011

Offers state-by-state 2000-10 data on ten indicators of children's health, education, and economic security by race/ethnicity. Finds increases in low-birthweight, unemployed parents, and poverty. Outlines two-generation strategies for children's success.

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Kids' Share 2011: Report on Federal Expenditures on Children Through 2010 Brookings Institution

Urban Institute
Authors: Isaacs, Julia B.; Heather Hahn; Stephanie Rennane; C. Eugene Steuerle; Tracy C. Vericker
Published: July 2011

Examines trends in federal, state, and local spending and tax expenditures on children in 2010 and during the recession, their share of federal outlays and the economy since 1960, and projected 2011-20 spending. Analyzes the impact of stimulus funding.

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