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These limits apply to total contributions, both mon-
etary and non-monetary (in-kind), from all GPACs in
connection with an election.
Walter Williams is a judicial candidate
for a district court in a judicial district with a popula-
tion of less than 250,000. GPACs A, B, and C each con-
tribute $5,000 toWalter for a single election. Because
Walter has already accepted a total of $15,000 in the
aggregate from all GPACs, he is prohibited from ac-
cepting any further contributions from any GPAC for
the same election.
The contribution limits in section 253.155 of the
Election Code do not apply to contributions from
However, GPAC expenditures that exceed
the third-party expenditure limits to support or op-
pose a judicial candidate must comply with certain
notice requirements and may affect other JCFA limits
in the election.
For more information on third-par-
ty expenditure limits, please consult the Texas Ethics
Campaign Finance Guide for Judicial Candi-
dates and Officeholders
Primary and general elections are a
single election for certain candidates
For purposes of the contribution limits, the primary
election and the general election are considered to-
gether to be a single election if the candidate (1) is
unopposed in the primary,
(2) does not have an op-
ponent on the ballot in the general election.
these circumstances, the various contribution limits
are increased by 25 percent for that “single election.”
However, the amount of the increase may only be used
In conclusion, we hope that you find the above tips
helpful in understanding how the contribution limits in
the JCFA apply to judicial candidates and officeholders.
For more information regarding the campaign finance
law, including other restrictions and requirements of
the JCFA, please consult the
Campaign Finance Guide for
Judicial Candidates and Officeholders
or visit our web-
Tex. Elec. Code §§ 251.001-258.009; 1T.A.C. §§ 6.1-50.1.
Tex. Elec. Code §§ 253.151-253.176. The Judicial Campaign Fairness
Act (JCFA) applies to candidates and officeholders in the following offices:
(1) chief justice or justice of the Supreme Court; (2) presiding judge or
judge of the Court of Criminal Appeals; (3) chief justice or justice of a
court of appeals; (4) district judge; (5) judge of a statutory county court;
and (6) judge of a statutory probate court. Id. § 253.151. Additionally, a
specific-purpose political committee for supporting or opposing a judicial
candidate or assisting a judicial officeholder is subject to the JCFA. Id. §
See id.§§ 253.153 (moratorium period on accepting political contributions
applicable to judicial candidates and officeholders);253.161 (prohibition on
using political contributions raised as a judicial candidate for a nonjudicial
office and vice versa); 253.1611 (restrictions on certain contributions
made by judicial candidates); 253.162 (restrictions on reimbursement of
personal funds and payments on certain loans); 253.168 (expenditure
Available athttps://www.ethics.state.tx.us/guides/jcoh_guide.pdf .
Tex. Elec. Code § 253.155.
Id. § 253.152(2).
Most recent federal decennial census figures are available athttps://www. ethics.state.tx.us/filinginfo/JudicialDistrictPopulations.pdf .
Ethics Advisory Opinion No. 342 (1996) available athttps://www.ethics. state.tx.us/opinions/342.html .
10. Tex. Elec. Code § 253.158.
11. Id. § 253.157.
13. Id. See also Ethics Advisory Opinion No. 274 (1995) available athttps:// www.ethics.state.tx.us/opinions/274.html .
14. Tex. Elec. Code § 253.160.
15. Id. § 253.155(c).
16. Id. §§ 253.163, 253.170.
17. Available athttps://www.ethics.state.tx.us/guides/jcoh_guide.pdf .
18. Tex. Elec. Code § 253.1621.
21. Available athttps://www.ethics.state.tx.us/guides/jcoh_guide.pdf .